When helping your child read at home, these are the prompts you should be using. This is how students are taught to figure out words during our reading instruction at school (it’s called decoding). They are also taught never to guess (very common!) or skip words when reading. Students also should not use pictures to figure out a word (also very common!). Pictures are used to help with comprehension of the text, not decode words.
If your child is stuck on a word and cannot sound it out, that’s ok! Just read the word for them and move on! Keep reading at home easy and fun!
What is phonological awareness?– Along with phonics instruction, students receive daily explicit instruction in phonemic awareness. In class, I call this instruction “word puzzles”. Phonemic Awareness is the building block to reading and this is a a great quick article to explain what it is and why it’s important.